TAG's Mission:

We aim to positively influence the content of our local TV programming in terms of values portrayed; decency in speech, dressing and action; contribution to intellectual development of viewers; promotion of a healthy love for country; and, respect for religious beliefs.

Love Letter from Pope Francis Parts I & II

Posted on : 30-07-2016 | By : TAG | In : Columns, Interesting Articles, Repost


by Bernardo M.Villegas

Prominent Vatican journalist Robert Moynihan hit the nail on the head when he called the recent Apostolic Exhortation on the Family of Pope Francis “a love letter to the world.” Entitled in Latin Amoris Laetitia (The Joy of Love), the Letter defines what love is, what the role of each person in the family should be and how the family should be in the world, and in the Church. As Moynihan writes: “In a time — our time — when the family seems under attack in so many ways, when there are such temptations to break up families, this text is like a powerful medicine, a heart-felt appeal from Pope Francis, to each of us to keep going, to keep together, to keep loving…” After I read the most powerful Chapter 4 of the document, I am convinced that there is much advice of the Pope that can be applied to a business enterprise if we take into account that every business is like a family, a community of free and responsible persons who have gotten together to achieve a common mission in which the various stakeholders commit themselves to seek the good of one another, which is another way of saying to “love one another.” If we focus on the essence of love as seeking the good of another (even if emotions do not accompany this desire), then we can say that every business should also be a community of love.

But first, what is the Pope’s advice to members of the family, starting with the father and mother? His Holiness points out that first and foremost, the grace of the sacrament of marriage is intended before all else to perfect the couple’s love. He then takes off from the lyrical passage of Saint Paul about true love: “Love is patient, love is kind; love is not jealous or boastful; it is not arrogant or rude. Love does not insist on its own way, it is not irritable or resentful; it does not rejoice at wrong, but rejoices in the right. Love bears all things, believes all things, hopes all things, endures all things (1Corinthians 13: 4-7).” Patience is extremely important in seeking the good of someone else because it makes one Godlike in being “slow to anger.” The impatient person easily hurts a loved one because of outbursts of anger during which unkind words are easily uttered. Patience is the quality of one who does not act on impulse and avoids hurting the feelings of others. A patient person emulates God’s restraint, who always leaves open the possibility of repentance, while insisting on his power, as revealed in His acts of mercy.

The Pope emphasizes that being patient does not mean letting ourselves be constantly mistreated, tolerating physical aggression or allowing other people to use us. Impatience stems from our thinking that relationships or people ought to be perfect, or when we put ourselves at the center and expect things to turn out always our way. This attitude makes us impatient, everything makes us react aggressively. Unless we cultivate the virtue of patience, we will always rationalize our angry reactions. We end up incapable of living together, antisocial, unable to control our temper. Our families will become battlegrounds. There will be constant bickerings between the spouses. Patience takes root in us when we recognize that other people also have a right to live in this world, just as they are with their strengths and weaknesses. The patient man allows others to hold him back, to unsettle his plans, to annoy him by the way they act or think, or if others are not everything he wants them to be. Love always requires deep compassion that leads to accepting the other person as part of this world, even when he or she acts differently than I would like. Married couples can always weather the ordinary storms of disagreements and daily frictions if they have the virtue of patience.

In the community of persons that make up a business enterprise, it is also necessary for the big boss to live the virtue of patience if his organization is to foster an environment that is sufficiently attractive for the best workers to want to remain. Constant outbursts of anger and impatience are a sure formula for a high attrition rate. Impatience with the imperfections of subordinates or co-workers does not help in improving individual behaviors in the organization. Patience leads to the very important practice of fraternal correction through which erroneous behavior is corrected in a calm and charitable manner, without any attempt to humiliate the person being corrected. In fact, as in the relationships between spouses or between parents and children, “love is at the service of others.” As Pope Francis comments, St. Paul wanted to make it clear that “patience” is not a completely passive attitude, but one accompanied by activity, by a dynamic and creative interaction with others. Love is always oriented towards action. It always tends to benefit and help others. It is always ready to be of assistance. It is more than a feeling. Pope Francis quotes St. Ignatius Loyola who said, “Love is shown more by deeds than by words.” Especially within the family, love shows its fruitfulness and allows us to experience the happiness of giving, the nobility and grandeur of spending ourselves unstintingly, without asking to be repaid, but for the pleasure of giving and serving. Pope Emeritus Benedict XVI had a term for this in his encyclical Caritas en Veritate (Love in Truth). He called it gratuitousness, giving without expecting anything in return. This is the greatest happiness within a family when completely selfless love is felt and manifested.

Conventional wisdom about motivations of business people may give the impression that gratuitous love has no place in a business enterprise in which the maximization of profit or pleasure is supposed to be the overriding purpose of all the stakeholders. Redefining business as a community of persons committed to a common mission of self-development and service to society will give room for love to flourish among the owners, managers, rank-and-file, suppliers and the immediate community in which the business operates. There is room for each one seeking the good of others in the community independently of the economic benefits. It is only when the persons making up the business community can seek the welfare of the other stakeholders without always expecting anything in return can the long-term existence of a business be assured. For example, it is of the highest importance that the managers in a company seek the welfare of the families of their workers as a good in itself, without necessarily relating it to the profitability of the company.

Then the Pope elaborates on the expression “Love is not jealous.” This means that love has no room for feeling bad about another person’s good fortune. Envy is a form of sadness provoked by another’s successes, a feeling that clearly shows that we are not concerned about the happiness of others but only with our own well-being. As the Pope clarifies: “Whereas love makes us rise above ourselves, envy closes us in on ourselves. True love values the other person’s achievements. It does not see him or her as a threat. It frees us from the sour taste of envy.” Peace within a family would be unsettled if the spouses — especially in these times of “professionalitis” — compete with one another for professional prestige. The success of one could provoke the envy of the other, even if such feeling is hidden. The same can occur in what is known as “sibling rivalry” in which brothers or sisters try to compete with one another in some areas of excellence (sports, studies, social standing, etc.) and become envious of the successes of one or the other of their siblings. This unhealthy family climate is exacerbated if parents have the habit of making comparisons. If parents truly love their children, they should respect the individuality and uniqueness of each and should avoid all comparisons that could humiliate those who are inferior.

Within the community of persons that constitute a business, the same principle of the uniqueness of each has to apply. As Pope Francis wrote, “Love inspires a sincere esteem of every human being and the recognition of his or her own right to happiness. I love this person, and I see him or her with the eyes of God, who gives us everything ‘for our enjoyment.’ As a result, I feel a deep sense of happiness and peace. This same deeply rooted love also leads me to reject the injustice whereby some possess too much and others too little. It moves me to find ways of helping society’s outcasts to find a modicum of joy. That is not envy, but the desire for equality.” These considerations obviously apply to the duty of management to give preferential option to the lowest ranks of their workers who are the least paid and are literally struggling to keep body and soul together. True love for the rank and file would motivate management to strictly pay a “just family wage” or the “threshold family income” that takes into account the needs of the entire family and not only the individual worker. In the booming, Business Process Outsourcing (BPO) sector, authentic love for the workers would motivate the managers to exhaust all the means to protect their workers from psychological maladies or moral turpitude as a result of working during unholy hours. Owners and managers of these firms should not just shrug off the high frequencies of drug addiction, mental disturbances or sexually transmitted diseases among their workers as “part of the game.”

A “bright and cheerful home”, using a phrase of St. Josemaria Escriva, Founder of Opus Dei, can only be achieved if each member of the household is always thinking of what he can do for the others, instead of being obsessed with one’s own personal comfort, pleasure, or happiness. A clear sign of selfishness within the family is arrogance, constantly speaking about oneself, always wanting to be the center of attention. “Love is not boastful” wrote St. Paul. Not to be boastful means that we do not become “puffed up” before others. It means not showing off and having a real sense of reality (humility is truth). Some think that they are important because they are more knowledgeable than others; they want to lord it over them. Yet what really makes a person important is a love that understands, shows concern, and embraces the weak. In the best-selling book The Way, St. Josemaria Escriva wrote “Love more than in giving is in understanding.” Pope Francis has been constantly preaching that it is important for Christians to show their love by the way they treat family members who are less knowledgeable about the faith, weak or less sure in their convictions. It is unfortunate that the opposite occurs frequently: The supposedly mature believers within a family become unbearably arrogant. In family life the logic of domination and competition about who is the most intelligent or powerful destroys love.

The same atmosphere of mutual understanding should prevail within a business entity. The more intelligent should help those who are slow to understand. The stronger should come to the aid of the weaker. This requirement of love within the organization should be balanced with the need to create a competitive spirit among the employees as they are challenged to make the fullest use of their talents. But a healthy competitive spirit does not have to lead to a disrespect for the dignity of the others in the same way that in some sports like football, given the right values nurtured by the coach or manager among the players, competition is still very compatible with the fullest respect for the dignity of each player, whether in one’s own team or in the opposing team. The admonition of St. Peter applies both to the family and to a business entity: “Clothe yourselves, all of you, with humility towards one another for ‘God opposes the proud, but gives grace to the humble.’”

In contrast with the brutal sincerity that is encouraged within families of some societies, in which children are encouraged to show disrespect for their parents, true love is more in keeping with the Filipino or Asian sensitivity to the feelings of others. This is captured in the statement “Love is not rude.” Love is not impolite; neither is it harsh. We have to shout this to the four winds to counteract the bad example of some leaders who think that foul language and offensive jokes are signs of strong leadership. As Pope Francis writes: “Love abhors making others suffer. Courtesy ‘is a school of sensitivity and disinterestedness’ which requires a person ‘to develop his or her mind and feelings, learning how to listen, to speak and at certain times, to keep quiet.” Every human being is bound to live agreeably with those around him. Genuine love is incompatible with a negative attitude that readily points to other people’s shortcomings while overlooking one’s own. Those who love are capable of speaking words of comfort, strength, consolation, and encouragement. Every good business enterprise should enshrine in its corporate culture this loving kindness among its employees. It is the only way to build bonds, cultivate relationships, create new networks of integration and knit a strong social fabric — characteristics of a well functioning human resource base. It would be a pity if we should lose what foreign employers and other observers appreciate in Filipino workers: The tender and loving care that they are able to render to other human beings, especially their clients or customers.


Part I
Part II

Repost: 100 Ways to Rebuild the Culture of Life

Posted on : 07-07-2015 | By : TAG | In : Interesting Articles


TAG would like to share with you an interesting article coming from this site:


1.Celebrate life: birthdays, name days, anniversaries.
2.Celebrate the living. Spend time with grandparents, aunts, uncles, cousins.
3.Get your marriage right. Seek spiritual direction if you need to, as individuals or as a couple.
4.Have kids, have more kids, adopt, or sponsor a child.
5.Nurture relationships within the home especially among siblings.
6.Document your family’s important moments. Take pictures. Start a family journal if you don’t have one yet.
7.Teach and model self-sacrifice.
8.Be joyful as you serve one another.
9.Learn/teach how to value internals over externals.
10.Teach and model delayed gratification — material, spiritual, physical. Learn/Teach the difference between want and need.

Year of Faith Series 12

Posted on : 24-11-2013 | By : TAG | In : Faith Series



(Ref. CCC Part 4, Sections 1 & 2)


We come to the final part of our series which is Christian Prayer.

“Great is the mystery of faith.” The Church professes this mystery in the Apostles’ Creed (Part One) and celebrates it in the sacramental liturgy (Part Two), so that the life of the faithful may be conformed to Christ in the Holy Spirit to the glory of the Father (Part Three). This mystery, then, requires that the faithful believe in it, that they celebrate it and that they live in it in a vital and personal relationship with living and true God. This relationship is prayer. (CCC 2558)


Pope Francis

Year of Faith Series 11

Posted on : 02-10-2013 | By : TAG | In : Faith Series


(Ref. CCC Part 3, Section 2, Chapter 2, Articles 7 & 10)


The Seventh Commandment: YOU SHALL NOT STEAL.


By these two commandments God ordains respect for the goods of others. The seventh commandment regulates our external acts in relation to the goods of others and the tenth regulates our interior acts in their regard.

Violations of the seventh commandment will be grave or venial according to the amount stolen or the harm caused by the action. In the event of grave sins, there is an obligation to return the goods or their equivalent value. These sins cannot be forgiven without at least the intention of making restitution in so far as it is possible to do so.

Repost: Inquirer Editorial (August 17, 2013) – TV for Kids

Posted on : 11-09-2013 | By : TAG | In : Feedback, Interesting Articles


TAG would like to repost here Inquirer’s Editorial published last August 17, 2013 plus a reaction to the Editorial by Fr. Ces Magsino. This is for the benefit of our readers who are keenly interested on the topic of TV viewing for kids.

TV for kids

Philippine Daily Inquirer, 11:43 pm | Saturday, August 17th, 2013

Source: http://opinion.inquirer.net/59071/tv-for-kids

In the Philippines, the TV set is now as much a member of the family as Nanay and Tatay. Many parents plunk their children down in front of the screen and leave them to be distracted while the adults go about their business. That television has taken on the all-important role of “babysitter” ought to ring alarm bells, especially because some parents essentially trust its content as not only safe but perhaps even good for their kids.

Big mistake. It’s not for nothing that TV is called a “wasteland”—as much for its brain-numbing variety shows that carry risqué jokes and sadistic games as the gory news footage that are shown even during times when children are sure to be watching. This was already a major cause of concern last year when Grace Poe, then the chair of the Movie and Television Review and Classification Board, championed a child’s summit that gathered officials of government agencies and broadcasting network executives and culminated in the signing of a memorandum of understanding toward the protection of children through TV. But as Poe remarked in her welcome address, “No amount of government legislation or initiative will ever be enough if parents do not take on the primary role of protecting their children. In our classification campaign, we remind viewers:  Ang  tamang  gabay  ay  naguumpisa  sa  bahay.  (The correct guidance begins at home.) We can lay the groundwork for child protection but, ultimately, it is the parents’ informed judgment that counts most.”

Earlier this month, or more than a year later, the MTRCB held another child’s summit—now officially called the Family and Child Summit—at the University of the Philippines campus. Has there been a sea change in TV programming in terms of upholding children’s interests since then? Well, that the likes of Vice Ganda continue to lord over prime time is not encouraging. The mood at the summit was one of urgency. TV audiences, particularly parents who cringe at TV’s incursion into their homes with offensive material will do well to heed Cultural Center of the Philippines chair Emily Abrera’s call (“[Parents should] withhold patronage of offensive TV programs… Be insulted. Complain. We are not faceless, voiceless, powerless.”) or child psychologist Honey Carandang’s question (“How can television become the ally, and not the enemy, of parents in imparting positive values to children?”).

But are TV executives listening?

This year, the MTRCB stepped squarely into the fray. Its chair, Eugenio Villareal, summoned executives of ABS-CBN in connection with “disturbing scenes” that “compromised the innocence of both child-actors and child-viewers” in the controversial but immensely popular Sunday comedy show “Goin’ Bulilit.” The board had noted scenes that “make children mouth language [on] topics like inflicting physical harm on others, put-downs of one’s spouse, cheating in elections, and the commission of wrongdoing…” After the meeting, the network promised to address the board’s concerns and to institute measures such as appointing a resident child psychologist for the show and a three-month review mechanism.

Meanwhile, one of GMA 7’s hottest programs is “The Ryzza Mae Show,” which features the very young Dizon regularly interviewing adults—an activity that requires the pint-sized host to talk about topics beyond her ken. That and her reputed killer schedule are a reminder that the networks must protect not only their young viewers but also their young actors. The two child summits dealt with this labor problem, resulting in reminders on strict adherence to the Department of Labor and Employment’s requirements for minors.

It thus remains a challenge to both the MTRCB and parents and guardians to tame TV and use it, as Carandang suggests, as a teaching tool. At this year’s summit, Poe, now a senator, reminded everyone of the fundamental responsibility: “If we are to succeed in self-regulation, the audience, particularly parents, should be empowered with information—specifically, the importance of age-appropriate classification. Networks, film producers and industry stakeholders should understand that though we have different professional goals, we [agree] that our most important role as individuals is that of being a parent.”

Read more: http://opinion.inquirer.net/59071/tv-for-kids#ixzz2cJVV0PwH


Excellent editorial on children and TV

Philippine Daily Inquirer 8:58 pm | Sunday, September 1st, 2013

Source: http://opinion.inquirer.net/60115/excellent-editorial-on-children-and-tv#ixzz2dhPiOQ4y


The Aug. 18 editorial, “TV for kids,” was excellent. It said important points about television and the duties of parents and the upbringing of children.

If we want to develop our nation and assure our future we have to raise the children well. And for good or for evil, television is very much part of the lives of children in our day and time.

Good work and keep it up!


—FR. CECILIO L. MAGSINO, cesmagsino@gmail.com

Year of Faith Series 10

Posted on : 08-09-2013 | By : TAG | In : Faith Series



(Ref. CCC Part 3, Section 2, Chapter 2, Articles 6 & 9)



The sixth commandment forbids all actions which are opposed to the virtue of chastity. This virtue governs man’s love for God and his neighbor in all matters relating to the generative powers. Like the other virtues, it is highly positive by its very nature; it helps a person love in a human manner, even as a child of God. Although it is not the highest virtue (charity is the highest virtue), it is of great practical importance and is esteemed by men who know what their souls are worth.

Science Facts on the RH law

Posted on : 19-08-2013 | By : TAG | In : Interesting Articles


The world’s leading scientific experts resolve the issues regarding the systematic, nationwide distribution of artificial contraceptives.

 1. The pill and the IUD kill children.

When does human life begin? At fertilization, when the sperm penetrates the egg. This was the “overwhelming agreement” of top medical experts (including doctors from Harvard Medical School and the Mayo Clinic) at an eight day hearing of the US Senate.   1/

Do birth control pills and the IUD kill the young human being? Yes, the pill has a secondary “postfertilization effect”, according to the scientific journal of the American Medical Association.   2/  The American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology pronounced that the intrauterine device brings about the “destruction of the early embryo.”   3/

2. The pill injures women’s health.

Is the pill safe?  The International Agency for Research on Cancer in 2007 reported that the pill causes cancer, giving it the highest level of carcinogenicity, the same as cigarettes and asbestos.   4It also causes stroke,    5/  and significantly increases the risk of heart attacks.   6/

3. Wide use of contraceptives leads to the destruction of families.

Will the greater availability of contraception improve the conditions of families?  Wide contraceptive use leads to more premarital sex, more fatherless children, more single mothers, more poverty, more abortions; and also a decline of marriage, less domesticated men, more crimes, according to the studies of Nobel prize winner, George Akerlof.    7/

4. Condoms promote the spread of AIDS.

Will the use of condoms lower the rate of HIV/AIDS in a country? It will increase it, according to the “best evidence” in the world, concluded Harvard Director for AIDS Prevention, Edward C. Green. Other major science journals have confirmed this. Availability of condoms makes people take wilder sexual risks, thus worsening the spread of the disease. Green said that what works is fidelity to one’s spouse.  8/

5. The RH law is based on wrong economics.

Is there a correlation between population growth and economic development? “No clear association” is the answer of Simon Kuznets, Nobel Prize winner in the science of economics.   9/  Many later studies confirmed this.

Is population control one of the ingredients for high economic growth? No, population control is not among the five ingredients found by the 2008 Commission on Growth and Development headed by Nobel prize winner Michael Spence. The growth factors are: governance, openness to knowledge, stable finances, market allocation, investment and savings.   10/  Our country loses 300 billion pesos to corruption every year.

Year of Faith Series 9

Posted on : 15-08-2013 | By : TAG | In : Faith Series



(Ref. CCC Part 3, Section 2, Chapter 2, Article 4)



The mutual love between parents and children is one of the basic elements in the family structure. God Himself has commanded us to honor our father and mother. The founder of Opus Dei has called this commandment “the sweet commandment” because it is particularly pleasing to any upright person.

By it love is mandated as the controlling principle of the relations between parents and children; its fulfillment calls for genuine friendship between them. We are naturally inclined to such love. Nevertheless, the complexities of life, the conflict between the authority of the parents and a rebellious propensity toward independence on the part of growing children, the difficulty to comprehend the different points of view, and other factors tend, at times, to diminish the natural affection which they feel toward one another. At such times, it is well to recall this divine commandment. Love for parents is the first expression of love of neighbor.


Parent Child

Teenage Pregnancy Can Be Avoided

Posted on : 19-07-2013 | By : TAG | In : Feedback, Interesting Articles


News items on increasing teenage pregnancies have been headlined in newspapers.  One recent article was titled “A ‘silent crisis’” (Inquirer, 7/8/13),  which mentioned that  “the number of babies born to teenage mothers (aged 15-19 years) rose from 7.1 percent to 11.7 percent” (National  Statistics Office).  Indeed,  “it is a difficult enough situation for a teenager finding herself pregnant or responsible for a newborn, even as she struggles with issues of identity and autonomy.”


Year of Faith Series 8

Posted on : 16-07-2013 | By : TAG | In : Faith Series



(Ref. CCC Part 3, Sections 1 and 2)


Our series now come to Part Three of the Catechism of the Catholic Church, that is, Life in Christ.

God has inscribed the physical laws in the very natures of physical things. He has engraved the natural moral law in the heart of each man to enable him to know how to act. Thus, all men can distinguish between good and evil and are aware of the fundamental principle that one ought to do good and avoid evil. Besides, the human will is naturally inclined toward good.



Year of Faith Series 7

Posted on : 26-06-2013 | By : TAG | In : Faith Series



(Ref. CCC Part II, Sections 1 & 2)


The sacramental economy consists in the communication of the fruits of Christ’s redemption through the celebration of the sacraments of the Church, most especially that of the Eucharist. The Sacrifice of the Cross is the fount of the sacramental economy of the Church.

Christ has entrusted the sacraments to his Church. They are the sacraments “of the Church” in a twofold sense: they are “from her” insofar as they are actions of the Church which is the sacrament of Christ’s actions; and they are “for her” inasmuch as they build up the Church. (CCC 1117-1119)


The sacraments, instituted by Christ and entrusted to the Church, are efficacious signs of grace perceptible to the senses. Through them divine life is bestowed upon us. The sacraments are divided into: the sacraments of Christian initiation (Baptism, Confirmation and Holy Eucharist); the sacraments of healing (Penance and Anointing of the Sick); and the sacraments at the service of communion and mission (Holy Orders and Matrimony). (CCC 1210-1211)

Doing Well our Daily Ordinary Duties

Posted on : 16-06-2013 | By : TAG | In : Interesting Articles


“O God, through the Blessed Virgin Mary, you granted countless graces to your priest St Josemaria, choosing him as a most faithful instrument to found Opus Dei, a way of sanctification in daily work and in the fulfilment of the ordinary duties of a Christian. Grant that I may also learn to turn all the circumstances and events of my life into opportunities to love you and to serve the Church, the Pope and all souls, with joy and simplicity, lighting up the paths of the earth with faith and love. Through the intercession of St. Josemaria grant me the favour I request (here make your request). Amen.

 “Our Father, Hail Mary, Glory Be to the Father.”



Above is the prayer card of St. Josemaria Escriva, whose Feast Day is on June 26. Spreading devotion to St. Escriva, the saint of ordinary life, was very inspiring and heart-warming as we recently traversed the length and breadth of Northern Luzon to install his image. Born and raised in the small town of Tagudin, I was thrilled to visit places in my province that I have never been to before, starting in nearby La Union towns that included Luna where the beautiful Shrine of Our Lady of Namacpacan is happily situated.

Life is Beautiful

Posted on : 16-06-2013 | By : TAG | In : Interesting Articles


Life is beautiful.  Life is good.  Life is sacred.  When men pass a law to the contrary, it may not be surprising to note the sad spate of young people taking their lives into their own hands.  One such law is the Reproductive Health (RH) law that denies the right to life of the unborn from the moment of conception.


Year of Faith Series 6

Posted on : 13-05-2013 | By : TAG | In : Faith Series



“ I believe in one, holy, catholic and apostolic Church.” (Ref. CCC Part I, Sec. 2, Ch. 3)

 The Aim of the Church

Human institutions ( a society, a company, etc.) are established to attain some goal. At the outset, they often have great vigor, in many cases owing to the personal impetus of their founders. It is by no means uncommon, however, that with the passing of time, they decline and even cease to exist.


Year of Faith Series 5

Posted on : 08-05-2013 | By : TAG | In : Faith Series



“ I believe in the Holy Spirit, the Lord, the giver of life, who proceeds from the Father and the Son, who with the Father and the Son is adored and glorified, who has spoken through the prophets.” (Ref. CCC, Part I, Sec. 2, Ch. 3)

“No one can say ’Jesus is Lord’ except by the Holy Spirit.” To be in touch with Christ, we must first have been touched by the Holy Spirit. By virtue of our Baptism, the first sacrament of the faith, the Holy Spirit in the Church communicates to us, intimately and personally, the life that originates in the Father and is offered to us in the Son. Through his grace, the Holy Spirit is the first to awaken faith in us. (CCC 683-684)